- Soprano and alto of the brass choir
Trumpet in B-flat, C, D or E-flat – sounds whole step lower/as written/whole step higher/minor 3rd higher than written
Piccolo trumpet in B-flat or A – sounds minor 7th/major 6th higher than written
Bass trumpet in E-flat or B-flat – sounds major 6th / minor 9th lower than written
Cornet in B-flat or E-flat (rare)
Flugelhorn in B-flat – sounds a step lower than written
- Written range of family:
* Pedal tones possible (C, B, B-flat, A, A-flat, G & G-flat octave below middle c)
- Sound: commands attention in any range and penetrates most textures. Bright
- Character: the most agile of brass group. Rapid passages, up or down, leaps of any size, all good, rapid tonguing
- Technique: dazzling! Double/triple/flutter tonguing all good. All major and minor 2nd trills possible. Tremolos of a minor 3rd+ are not easy at speed.
Slurs are possible: those greater than an octave going up and those greater than a 6th going down are a challenge. Upward slurs are difficult. Downward slurs and leaps are more natural.
Blatter, A (1997). Instrumentation & Orchestration. 2nd ed. USA: Schirmer. Pgs 159-162