This is a post that pulls together my research on the violin; it’s capabilities and it’s range.
- The playing range of the violin can be extended by the use of harmonics.
- It is the highest-pitched instrument in the strings section.
- It is very agile and responsive.
- It provides soprano and alto lines in orchestral scoring.
- Most multiple stops are possible (double, triple, quadruple).
- The use of 8va instead of ledger lines in highest register preferable.
- Open strings project better instead of stopped strings.
- Four open strings: lowest G – D – A – E (highest)
- Each string has a characteristic of its own and composers write passages specifically for certain strings, labelled ‘sul G’ – on the G string:
- The G String:
This is a dark sounding string being the lowest; very rich and full in tone.
Range: G below middle C up to G above middle C.
- The D String:
This is a more focused string and calmer sounding than the G string.
Range: D next to middle C up to D an octave higher.
- The A String:
This is noticeably brighter and is more expressive in tone.
Range: A above middle C up to A an octave higher.
- The E String:
This is the brightest string and has a best projection, but can also play very softly too.
Range: E above middle C up to F an octave higher.